The teaching and learning process requires that students engage in assessment, evaluation and documentation. How we document and assess learning is important and impacts what is taught and how it is taught. Formative assessments are used to improve learning. Summative assessments inform what students have learned at the end of an evaluation period. Documenting and making thinking visible has gained popularity as a tool for deepening and extending learning. Capturing and evaluating artifacts of student learning allows the educator to bridge the gap between formative and summative assessments and lends itself to more intentional and reflective teaching.

Assessments should focus on the application of knowledge and not just essential skills.  Problem solving, critical thinking, and communication should be a part of the assessment process.